© SOFIA 2019

Committees

 
 
 
UN Security Council

United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, the aim of which is to sustain international peace and security. The Security Council consists of 15 members, 5 are permanent seats with veto power (People's Republic of China, French Republic, Russian Federation, The United Kingdom and The United States of America) and 10 are non-permanent, which are elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. A number of seats will be reserved for observers, who were specially invited to the meeting of the council and who have no right to vote on the documents. The decisions of this council are binding for all members of the United Nations. 

   

Topic A: The Situation in Myanmar: The Protection of Minorities in Situations of Armed Conflict

Topic B: The United Nation's Assistance Mission in Afghanistan: Extending the United Nations Security Council Mandate into 2018

 
Human Rights Council

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It has the ability to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention. It is a subsidiary body of the UN General Assembly.   United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, the aim of which is to sustain international peace and security. The Security Council consists of 15 members, 5 are permanent seats with veto power (People's Republic of China, French Republic, Russian Federation, The United Kingdom and The United States of America) and 10 are non-permanent, which are elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms. A number of seats will be reserved for observers, who were specially invited to the meeting of the council and who have no right to vote on the documents. The decisions of this council are binding for all members of the United Nations.

 

Topic A: Preventing human rights abuses in Yemen

Topic B: Protecting children during and after wars with special concern for child      soldiers

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the United Nations' global development network.It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. The UNDP works internationally to help countries achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through focusing on poverty reduction, HIV/AIDS, democratic governance, energy and environment, social development, and crisis prevention and recovery. UNDP also encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women in all of its programmes.

Topic A: The role of tourism in promoting the development of LEDCs: Using sustainable tourism to eliminate poverty

Topic B: Methods for the development of sustainable transport and the encouragement of agriculture in urban areas

Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The United Nations Economic and Social Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations. It is used as a platform for discussion of economic and social related issues, which aims to promote general economic and social well-being and which is responsible for coordinating 14 UN specialised agencies and 5 regional commissions. The Council formulates goals for international development and issues recommendations to the member states. Consists of 54 members, which are elected by the United Nations General Assembly for three-year terms.

Topic A: Tackling the Global Wage Gap

Topic B: Tackling and combating the root causes of human trafficking from both a social and economic perspective

 
Historical Crisis Committee
Mexican-American War

The year is 1845 and America is about to inaugurate her 11th President, James Knox Polk. The new President has run on a platform of drastically expanding America. He supported the immediate annexation of Texas to the US as well as pushing the boundaries north-west into the Oregon Territory from the British. At the same time the US has faced financial turmoil, and he has promised to institute an independent treasury and to reduce tariffs in order to save the economy. However, he faces many challenges. Texas may have been annexed but the border is uncertain, and Mexico has claimed this to be illegal, talks regarding Oregon will have to deal with the British, who now are not distracted by Napoleon, and many Whigs and Northern Democrats are not wholly in favour of expansion, fearing it will ignite the slavery issue. Furthermore, the independent treasury idea, while popular, will be hard to implement as the Polk administration will have to steer between those who are opposed to any type of central system of disseminating money and those who long for the restoration of a national bank.

Mexico is in absolute turmoil. They were humiliated nearly 10 years ago by the Texan Rebellion and now the breakaway province has joined America. What’s more, they have claimed that the border is actually the Rio Grande, and not the Nueces River, which was the border of the Texan state within Mexico and of the Lone Star Republic. While the independent Republic did not enforce the claim, America may well do so. Their army is stronger, better equipped, and their generals are better, a war at the current time would be grossly one-sided. Additionally, conservatives and liberals are still at each other’s throats for the direction of Mexico, one side wanting a religious and interventionist state and the other a secular and recluse one. The only man who can unite Mexico is Santa Anna, who has returned to do just that. He is seen as a solid leader by both sides and they are loyal to him. He has been a clever war commander and may be the only hope should conflict be ignited. At the same time, unlike Mexico, the US population is fickle and can change their minds easily. Perhaps if Mexico fights well enough, the Americans may lose their appetite for conflict after all.